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If ever one Irish family was inextricably linked with an Irish county, the family is Maguire or MacGuire and the county is Fermanagh. They possessed the entire county, also known as Maguire's Country, from about 1200 A.D. and maintained their independence as Lords of Fermanagh down to the reign of James the First, when their country was confiscated like other parts of Ulster. The Maguires supplied Chiefs or Princes to Fermanagh, from about A.D. 1264, when they supplanted the former Chieftains (O'Daimhin, or Devin). They were inaugurated as Princes of Fermanagh on the summit of Cuilcagh, a magnificent mountain near Swanlinbar, on the borders of Cavan and Fermanagh; and sometimes also at a place called Sciath Gabhra or Lisnasciath, now Lisnaskea. Even after the seventeenth century confiscation, Connor Roe Maguire obtained re-grants of twelve thousand acres of the forfeited lands of his ancestors, and was created Baron of Enniskillen - a title which was also borne by several of his successors.

The name in Irish is Mac Uidhir or Mag Uidhir. "Mag" is simply another form of the familiar Irish prefix meaning "son of", being preferred, in some regions, to "Mac" when the following word begins with a vowel. Uidhir is the genitive of "Odhar"r", a personal name meaning "dun coloured". Several persons so named are listed in the ancient genealogies of the family thus when hereditary surnames came into being, after the year 100 A.D. it is not surprising that he personal name should give rise to a family name. The family is first mentioned in the Annals as early as 956 A.D. have always been closely associated with the other leading septs of Ulster such as the O Neills and the O Donnells. They also spawned several well known branches which became septs in their own right, including MacManus, Caffrey, MacHugh, and several others. The name is among the forty most common names in Ireland, among the top twenty-five in Ulster, ten in Co. Cavan, thirty in Co. Monaghan and is the single most common name in Co. Fermanagh. Maguiresbridge in Co. Fermanagh, in Gaelic Droichead Mhig Uidhir, takes its name from the family.

Towards the close of the thirteenth century, with the installation of Donn Maguire, the family began to feature prominently in the records. Between that time and 1600 there were fifteen Maguire rulers of Fermanagh. At the latter date, as Livingstone puts it in The Fermanagh Story, 'Fermanagh was simply a Maguire property'. A junior branch was based at Enniskillen and it was these that were most involved in the Nine Years War, 1594- 1603, and subsequently it was they who suffered most at the Plantation. However, the main Lisnaskea line was broken by the Cromwellian and Williamite confiscations.

As MacGuire, the name is also found in Scotland and is that of a sept of the Clan Macquarrie of the island of Ulva. Both the sept name and the clan name derive from the founder of the clan, one Guaire, a brother of Fingon, ancestor of the Mackinnons. The Clan Macquarrie claims that the Fermanagh Maguires descend from Gregor, second son of Cormac Mor Macquarrie, chief of the name. Since Cormac Mor Maguire was active in the mid-thirteenth century, fifty years after Donn Mor Maguire founded the Lisnaskea sept, there would appear to be no substance to this claim, but none the less some MacGuires in Ulster may be of this Scottish origin.

Cathal MacManus Maguire (1439-98), a chief of the MacManus sept of the Maguires, was both a learned historian and a bishop. He was born on an island in Lough Erne, and, according to the Four Masters, he compiled The Invaluable Annals of Munster which preceded their own great work.

Nicholas Maguire (1460-1512), born in County Cavan, was another outstanding bishop and historian. He was educated at Oxford and was renowned for his sermons and his hospitality.

Hugh Maguire, Lord of Fermanagh, succeeded his father, Cuconnaught, who died in 1589. Hugh Maguire, Prince of Fermanagh, took a prominent part in the war during Elizabeth's reign. He was a cousin of Hugh O'Neill. His mother was Nuala, daughter of Manus O'Donnell. On the death of his father he became possessed of the estates held by his ancestors since 1302. He soon took up a defiant attitude towards the Government, replying, when told by the Deputy FitzWilliam that he must allow the Queen's writs to run in Fermanagh: "Your sheriff shall be welcome, but let me know his eric, that if my people should cut off his head I may levy it upon the country." He succoured Hugh Roe O'Donnell in his escape from Dublin Castle. In 1593 he beesieged the sheriff and his party in a church, and would have starved them out, but for the intervention of Hugh O'Neill, then an ally of the Anglo-Irish. On the 3rd July of the same year Maguire carried off a large prey of cattle from Tulsk froom under the eyes of Sir Richard Bingham, Governor of Connaught. Under that year the Four Masters give a spirited account of the engagement: Sir William Clifford and a few horsemen were slain on Bingham's side, while Maguire lost, amongst several of his party, Edmond MacGauran (Archbishop of Armagh) and Cathal Maguire. Some months later he unsuccessfully endeavoured to prevent Marshal Bagnall and Hugh O'Neill crossing the Erne at Athcullin. We are told that his forces, a great number of whom were slain, consisted of Irish, armed with battleaxes, and some Scotch allies, armed with bows. In the contest Hugh O'Neill was severely wounded in the thigh. He threw himself heart and soul into O'Neill's war, and took part in the victory of Clontibret and Kilclooney, and was in command of the cavalry at Mullaghbrack in 1596, where the Anglo-Irish were defeated with heavy loss. The same year he was, with O'Neill and O'Donnell, formally outlawed, and a price was set upon his head. In 1598 he held a command at the defeat of Marshal Bagnall at the Yellow Ford. Next year Maguire joined O'Donnell in a marauding expedition into Thomond, and took Inchiquin Castle. In March, 1600, he commanded the cavalry in Hugh O'Neill's exexpedition into Leinster and Munster. Accompanied by a small party, he reconnoitred the country towards Cork, but was intercepted by Sir Warham St. Leger and Sir Henry Power, with a superior force. Nothing daunted, he struck spurs into his horse, and dashed into the midst of the Deputy's band, where St. Leger inflicted on him a deadly wound with his pistol. Maguire, summoning his remaining strength, cleft his adversary's head through his helmet, and then fell exhausted and almost immediately expired. Hugh Maguire's name will probably live longest in the ode addressed to him by his bard, O'Hussey, which has been so forcibly rendered into English by Mangan.

Hugh's brother Cuconnaught, who succeeded him, is thought to have arranged the ship on which he and Hugh's son set sail with the famous "Flight of the Earls" to Europe in 1607, the beginning of the Irish diaspora.

Conor Maguire (1616-45), Baron of Enniskillen and son of an O Neill mother, was a rakish youth who dissipated much of his inheritance. He was dismally unsuccessful in the fateful year of 1641, when the Gaels made their final effort to oust the colonisers. Conor Maguire plotted with the Ulster nobles in an attempt to capture Dublin Castle, the seat of English power. He was a poor organizer, his scheme was discovered and he was imprisoned in the Tower of London until his execution.

Colonel Cuchonacht Maguire was sheriff of the county Fermanagh in 1687, and, on the breaking out of the Revolution of 1688, he mortgaged the greater part of his estates to raise and arm a regiment for the service of his King, James II. He was shot at the Battle of Aughrim, where his regiment was cut to pieces, after nearly destroying the 2nd regiment of British Horse. When he was killed, and the fate of the day decided, an officer of his regiment, named Durnien, cut off the brave Maguire's head, which he put in a bag, and, starting from the fatal field, slept neither night nor day until he reached the family burying ground in the Island of Devenish, where he interred his commander's head with the remains of his ancestors. Colonel Maguire was married to Mary, daughter of Ever Maguire, and left three sons.

Following the devastations by the armies of Cromwell and William of Orange, the Irish landed aristocracy, including the majority of the Maguires, fled, in 1691, with the "Wild Geese" to France and Austria. A regiment of infantry in James II's army had been commanded by a Maguire, Baron of Enniskillen. James II also paid 
McGuire, Robert Emmet (I969)

This dBase information was derived from a number of sources and individuals. While reasonable efforts have been made to eliminate errors, the accuracy and completeness of the data cannot be guaranteed. Remember that internet genealogy data is to be viewed as a starting point for further research, not as a primary reference! If you see data here that you think needs to be changed, if you have new information to add or if you have questions or complaints, please just send me an email. ~rjb 
McEldowney, John (I934)
Dowling, Dorothy Louise (Wasser) (I421)
Boyce, Judith (I608)
1900 U States Federal Census
Chicago Ward 31, Cook, Illinois

Thompson, Frederick S; m; w; Head; M; 1854; 46; Maine, F: , M:;
-----, Alice P; f; w; Wife; M; 46, ?, ?, ?
-----, Mabel; f; w; Daughter; S; 20.
-----, Julia G; f; w; Daughter; S; 18.
-----, Josephine G; f; w; Daughter; S; 16.
-----, Daniel S; f; w; Son; S; 13.
-----, Alice D; f; w; Daughter; S; 8.
Thompson, Daniel Shepard (I47)
7  Winstead, Living (I97)
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47  Sale, Living (I346)
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50  Skolarus, Living (I363)

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